𝐀𝐧𝐧𝐚 𝐌𝐚𝐧𝐢 - 𝐂𝐞𝐥𝐞𝐛𝐫𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐈𝐧𝐝𝐢𝐚𝐧 𝐖𝐨𝐦𝐞𝐧

Born in Travancore to a prosperous civil engineer, anna mani spent her childhood engrossed in books. By the age of 8, Mani had read almost all the Malayalam books available at her local public library.


On her eighth birthday, when she was gifted with diamond earrings- as was the custom in her family- she opted instead for a set of Encyclopaedia Britannica.

She enrolled herself in the physics honours program at Presidency College in Madras. In 1940, she obtained a +

scholarship to undertake research in Nobel Laureate CV Raman's laboratory at the Indian Institute of Science in Banglore, where she recorded and analysed fluorescence, studied absorption and temperature dependence, and the Raman spectra of 32 diamonds.


Her life at IISc. consisted of working long hours in the lab. During this period, she went on to publish five single-authored papers on the luminescence of diamonds and ruby. Unfortunately, though, she was not granted a PhD because she did not have a master's degree in physics +


but was awarded a government scholarship for an internship in England. Today her completed PhD dissertation remains in the library of Raman Research Institute.
She ended up studying meteorological instruments at Imperial College London. After returning to India in 1948, she +

joined the Meteorological department in Pune. She published numerous research papers on meteorological instrumentation. She retired as the deputy director-general of the Indian Meteorological department in 1976.


Anna Mani standardised the drawings for nearly 100 different weather instruments and started their production. During the International Geophysical Year (1957-58), she set up a network of stations in India to measure solar radiation. She also published a number of papers on +

subjects ranging from atmospheric ozone to the need for international instrument comparisons and national standardisation. Furthermore, she undertook the development of an apparatus to measure ozone – ozonesonde. This enabled India to collect reliable data on the ozone layer.

Thanks to Mani’s singular contribution, she was made a member of the International Ozone Commission. In 1963, at the request of Vikram Sarabhai (Father of India’s Space programme), she successfully set up a meteorological observatory and an instrumentation tower at the Thumba +

rocket launching facility.

In 1987, she received the INSA K. R. Ramanathan Medal for her achievements. In 1994, she suffered from a stroke that left her immobilized for the rest of her life. She passed away on August 16, 2001, in Thiruvananthapuram.