Alright, here's a thread about Q4:34
I'll start with this Hadith, showing firstly why it's not "beating" in the sense of what first conjures in one's mind. The Prophet PBUH would be contradicting himself if it meant so. Look here closely.
Second, Here is another verse
"So then, what is the "ØļØąØ¨" in the verse?" you may ask....
Here are some Hadiths to give the gist of "ØļØąØ¨".
The Prophet PBUH himself has never struck anyone.
So we now know that it can't be the beating one would think of at first. And I'll get to that now. What is a beating "without leaving injury or harm"? It has been interpreted as, "getting your attention".
This has been defined as "getting your attention by a tap, usually with a handkerchief or a Miswak" after examining the previous Ahadith and verses.
Here is the actual meaning to be inferred.
Some scholars went a step further, that, since "striking" is what one would do to the other to get his attention, then just showing one's discontent would be enough.
The Prophet PBUH reprimands those who beat their wives just to embrace them as if it is nothing.
The Messenger of Allah said: "The best of you are those who are best to their womenfolk." Grade: Sahih (Darussalam)
Once a man actually "hits" his wife, depending on the severity, the punishment could go to something called Qisas "Retribution" or "Eye for an Eye".
Here's the ruling of this Hadith:
There has been a joke of an allegation about the Prophet PBUH "beating" Ayesha. I'll end it in a sec. The word "ŲŲØ˛" is:
"This is just a camel"
I also want to note that in the Arabic Lexicon, ØļØąØ¨ is much more richer. It's not Arabic's fault that English is poorer in this regard. Please do read this.
Heck, ØļØąØ¨ when used with "water" so that it becomes " ØļØąØ¨ Ø§ŲŲ Ø§ØĄ ØšŲŲ ŲØŦŲŲ "He hits his face with water????!!!". No!! It means to wash his face.